Dawood Ibrahim Aka D
Dawood Ibrahim (Urdu: داوود ابراهيم, born Sheikh Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar; December 26, 1955), also known as Dawood Ebrahim, and Sheikh Dawood Hassan, is the head of an organised crime and terror syndicate in South Asia, called the "D-Company" by South Asian media. Dawood's D-Company has been identified as a criminal-terrorism syndicate by the US Congress. Dawood is currently on the wanted list of Interpol for organised crime and counterfeiting, besides association with Al-Qaeda as identified in UN Security Council resolutions 1822 (2008) and 1267 (1999). He was No. 4 on the Forbes 2008 list of The World's 10 Most Wanted criminals, and no. 50 on the Forbes 2009 list of The World's Most Powerful People.
Dawood Ibrahim is accused of heading a vast and sprawling illegal empire. After the 1993 Bombay bombings, which Ibrahim allegedly organized and financed, he became India's most wanted man.According to the United States, Ibrahim maintains close links with al-Qaida's Osama bin Laden. As a consequence, the United States declared Dawood Ibrahim a "global terrorist" in 2003 and pursued the matter before the United Nations in an attempt to freeze his assets around the world and crack down on his operations. The Bush administration has since imposed several sanctions on Ibrahim and his associates. Indian and Russian intelligence agencies have pointed out Ibrahim's possible involvement in several other terror attacks, including the November 2008 Mumbai attacks.
Pakistan denies any knowledge of his existence. Indian intelligence agencies, such as Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), believe that some of his addresses include House No. 37, 30th street, DHA, Karachi and White House, Near Saudi Mosque, Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan, and is provided protection by Pakistani intelligence agency, the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI). The issue of extradition of Dawood Ibrahim is one of the major hurdles in the frosty relations between India and Pakistan.
Dawood Ibrahim, the son of a police constable Ibrahim Kaskar, was born in Mumka village in Ratnagiri in the Indian state of Maharashtra on December 26, 1955. He was brought up in Dongri, a poor area of Central Bombay with a large but not exclusively Muslim population. He is of Konkani descent.
Nothing is known about his educational qualifications.
With his friends and brothers, he would go down to the bustling Crawford Market and scam gullible bargain hunters. "His first trick was to offer a customer an expensive foreign watch," recalled a member of his youthful gang. "After taking the money, he would vanish, while the customer would be discovering that Dawood had switched the watch for a stone or some such worthless object during the wrapping"(Glenny 127). A natural leader, by his late teens Ibrahim had created D-Company (his own gang). He was charged with murder as a result of his audacious bid to destroy the near monopoly enjoyed in the underworld by the competing Lala clan. D-Company emerged victorious after an intense period of bloodshed, but Ibrahim was forced to flee his beloved Bombay, and by all accounts he has never overcome his melancholy at leaving.
He is said to have begun his real criminal career in Bombay working for the Karim Lala gang (which later became his own gang's rival) exploiting the rapid expansion in the Bombay (now Mumbai) textiles industry to his advantage, though another version says that he began his criminal career working as a career for smuggler Haji Mastan. In either case, he eventually split from both of them and started his own gang, D-Company. He soon moved his residence to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) where he has business interests alongside India.
Dawood initially started out as a mechanic on the streets of Bombay. However, because of the low pay he turned to crime full-time, as a smuggler. A version also suggests that he also worked as a rickshaw puller in Azamgarh (also underworld Don Abu Salem's birthplace). He became one of Bombay's gangsters, with Karim Lala and Varadarajan Mudaliar as his seniors, but superseded all in a span of just five years—between 1983 and 1988. He became so powerful that even the aged don Karim Lala had to go all the way to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, to sign a truce with him.
When asked, late Amarjit Singh Samra, the former Mumbai Commissioner of Police, said this about Dawood's spectacular rise: "In 10 years, this ordinary-looking son of a police head constable had become, virtually, omnipresent in any crime."
Dawood's elevation to the status of The Don was made by the late Ramabhai Naik, who in 1986 gunned down supari-king Karim Lala's nephew, the dreaded Samad Khan (who ruled the underworld till then), and paved the way for Dawood Ibrahim to become the undisputed don of the Bombay underworld. (Ironically, Rama Naik was killed in an 'encounter' with Nagpada police PSI Rajan Katdhare in 1988, allegedly at the behest and tip-off from Dawood Ibrahim only.
Another version suggests that Dawood used a Kashmiri woman, Nassem, to lure Samad Khan to an old building and then got him killed by his own gang comprising of Chhota Rajan, Sanjay Ruggad, Dilip Bhuva and Sunil Sawant alias Sautya, thereby elevating Dawood to the position of the Don of Bombay. (D (film) is largely based on Don Dawood's rise in the above mentioned circumstances.)
Thereafter, he shifted his base to Dubai (UAE) in 1986 and established chains of businesses in partnership with local Sheikhs. He rubbed shoulders with kings and princes of the Gulf emirates and acquired more power, which at later stages saved him from being extradited to India.
However, on the flipside, there is also much evidence that the Indian government has always tried to attribute Dawood Ibrahim's crimes to his links in Pakistan which have yet to be verified.