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Thread: Driving - A Must Read

  1. #1
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Smile Driving - A Must Read

    The road accident rate in India is truly alarming. An estimated 3,00,000
    accidents take place on Indian roads every year. The latest annual
    statistics indicate that over 80,000 people are killed on Indian roads
    while the total economic loss owing to road accidents is estimated to be
    over Rs. 3,600 crores. These figures do not reflect the human suffering
    and social problems caused by accidents. Driving or riding a vehicle in
    India is becoming a dangerous experience. And Indian roads like those
    of other Asian countries are becoming veritable death traps.
    Along with the ever-increasing population of both people and

    vehicles, comes the growing realisation that this problem has to be
    combatted on all fronts. Studies conducted in India and other parts of
    the world have indicated that negligent road-user behaviour is the main
    factor in 65 per cent of the accidents and a contributing factor in about
    90 per cent of the cases.
    The umbrella piece of legislation with regard to Indian road rules is

    titled 'Rules of the Road Regulation'. The latest edition was brought into
    force on July 1st, 1989. The act broadly deals with the rules and
    regulations that are applicable to two, three and four wheeler users
    across the country.
    The first 12 sub-sections of this legislation deal with the actual

    guidelines to be followed while driving or riding on the road. In
    addition to regular road safety rules, there are specific instructions such
    as making way for fire service vehicles and ambulances. It is followed
    by a specific section on hand signals and their equivalents through
    mechanical and electrical devices. Subsection 15 is an extensive one
    that deals with the safe parking of a vehicle. Subsections 16 to 22 are
    also elaborate in themselves, dealing with areas such as visibility of
    lamps and registration marks, one-way traffic and safe towing.
    The final sub-section of the Rules of the Road Regulation deals with

    the documents that a driver/rider needs to carry:
    1) A driving license
    2) Certificate of Registration
    3) Certificate of Taxation
    4) Certificate of Insurance
    5) A Fitness Certificate


    The Rules of the Road Regulations (1989) is a must-read for road users
    on their way to responsive and responsible driving.
    How to get a Learner's Licence
    Forms to be filled:
    Form No. 1: Medical Certificate.
    (In this, part of the form has to be filled up by you and the other by A

    registered Medical Doctor. A photo has to be pasted in the form which
    has to be signed and attested with seal across the photo by the Doctor.)

    Form No. 2: Application for Learner’s Licence.
    Form No. 3: Application in duplicate.

    Documents needed:
    Proof of age - Xerox copy of Birth Certificate or Passport or School or
    College certificate along with original for verification.
    Proof of address - Xerox copy with original for verification, of Ration

    Card or Election I.D. Card or Passport or LIC policy or Electric or
    Telephone bill or Property tax receipt or Payslip issued by Govt. if
    employed in Govt.
    Photos - 4 including 1 affixed on Form 1 (Passport size)


    Test :
    At the time of your getting the application form from A.A.S.I., this book

    will be given to you and when you present the application, questions on
    both traffic rules and signs and signals will be asked and only if you
    satisfactorily answer, you will be allowed to get the LLR papers.
    Collection of LLR Papers:
    After the test at AASI, you will be required to go to RTO’s Office on a

    date specified, to sign the register and collect the LLR papers.
    Once you have collected your Learners Licence, you can drive the

    vehicle for which you have applied for. It can be done only with an
    instructor or a friend or a relative who has a valid driving licence, by
    your side if you are driving a car or behind you on the pillion if it is a
    two-wheeler.
    Further you must paste or paint the ‘L’ sign at the back and front of

    your vehicle in red to alert other road users. This is absolutely
    necessary. As a learner in a two-wheeler, you cannot carry any other
    person except the person who is teaching you how to drive.
    Validity of LLR:
    LLR is valid for 6 months. If within 6 months you do not apply for the

    regular licence, you will have to apply again for another LLR. However,
    after a minimum period of 1 month, you can apply for a regular Driving
    Licence from that date.
    Procedure for applying for Permanent Licence:-
    After you have learned driving properly and are ready for a test please

    come with the following forms :-
    Form 4
    Original Learner's Licence
    3 Stamp size photos
    You must bring the category of vehicle for which you are applying for

    permanent licence, based on your learner's licence. A driving test would
    be conducted by our expert and only if you are found fit in all aspects,
    your forms will be forwarded with "Test Passed" Certificate for
    Permanent Driving Licence to the Licence Issuing Authority. Since the
    laminated Driving Licence will be issued, you will have to come to the
    concerned RTO’s office on the day specified by AASI to be
    videographed and get the Driving Licence.
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  2. #2
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Lightbulb Basic Rules Of The Road:

    Keep left allowing the vehicles from the opposite direction to pass.

    Give way to all traffic on your right, especially at road junctions and round abouts.

    While turning left or right, give way to vehicles going straight.

    While turning left, keep to the left side of the road and turn close to the left side of the road to which you enter.

    Slow down at road junctions, inteRsections and pedestrian crossings. You must also slow down near school zones, temple areas etc., where a lot of pedestrians and vehicle traffic move. Signal before you make any manoeuvre indicating your intention so that the other road useRs can adjust accordingly.

    Always use a helmet if you are driving a two-wheeler and always see that when you use the helmet, the strap is fixed properly.

    Stick to the speed limit and remember that speed limit is related to the traffic condition.

    Remember that the stopping distance of your vehicle depends on the speed at which you are driving.

    If you are driving at 40 Kms. per hour, the braking distance would be 22 mts. But if you are driving at 60 Kms. per hour, the braking distance will be 42 mts.

    Keep adequate distance from the vehicle ahead to avoid collision.

    Yellow lines should not be crossed, even while over-taking.

    At road junctions or inteRsections, do not park the vehicle beyond the stop line.

    Remember that at pedestrian crossings, the pedestrian has the right of way.

    At the signal, do not stop your vehicle on the Pedestrian Crossing but stop it within the stop line.

    Two wheeleRs are meant only for two. Do not carry children additionally.

    Do not start on the amber light. Wait for the green.

    Overtake only on the right side and do not overtake on bridges, narrow roads, junctions, school zones and pedestrian crossings. Do not overtake when one vehicle is already overtaking the vehicle which you want to overtake.

    Never drive in a zig-zag manner.
    You can observe all the above only if you are patient, considerate and careful.
    KNOW YOUR SIGNS :-
    In the world of communications, signs form a vital part. Traffic signs are an integral part of the system of safeguard for the safety of road users.
    Traffic signs may be classified into three categories:-


    Mandatory signs :-
    They are also known as regulatory signs.
    All mandatory signs are indicated in a circular form and they have to be followed compulsorily.


    Cautionary signs :-
    These are meant for your safety. These are given in triangular form.
    Information signs : -
    These signs are those which provide information to help you. They are in Blue Color in square shape.
    MANDATORY SIGNS :-

    Violation of these traffic signs, which denote a specific traffic regulation is a legal offence under Section 119 of Motor Vehicle Act.

    Speed limit, stop and give way signs are the most important of these signs. The other major signs relate to prohibiting entry or turn and permitting entry or turn only in one direction. No parking signs and signs relating to No stopping or standing and No ‘U’ turn, No entry etc. should be observed scrupulously and violation of these signs would affect the road useRs by creating jam and accidents.
    CAUTIONARY SIGNS :-
    Signs denoting Pedestrian crossing, School zones and InteRsections are the most important among the cautionary signs.
    As already pointed out in the pedestrian crossing, the pedestrian has the right of way and you should not proceed when the pedestrian is crossing nor should you stop the vehicle on the pedestrian crossing hindering his movement.
    In school zones, you have to drive very cautiously and reduce the speed since any time a boy or girl can run or dart across.


    SIGNALS
    Junctions :-
    In junctions where there are no traffic signals, there may be a policeman manning the junction giving hand signals. It is absolutely necessary for your own safety and for the safety of others that you should follow these signals.
    It is essential that you signal intention of your vehicle movement correctly and well in advance so that other road users can be aware of what you are going to do.
    While stopping the vehicle or slowing down, it is important to caution the driver behind you by using hand signals. The sign for slowing down is to extend your right arm fully, palm facing downward and moving the arm up and down.
    The sign for showing your intention to stop is to put out the forearm vertically upward, the palm facing forward.
    While turning, give the correct signals as to whether you are turning right or left or Making a ‘U’ turn.
    Signal well in advance so that the vehicle coming behind you can adjust.
    Signal continuously till you have completed the turn.
    If you are using the signal indicator in the vehicle, do not forget to switch if off as soon as you have completed your turning.
    While changing lanes, put on your turn signal.
    Make sure through your mirror whether the traffic behind you is sufficiently behind and then change into lanes slowly and smoothly.
    When other vehicles wish to overtake you, do not speed up. Allow them to overtake if there is space and show a signal by stretching the right hand out, palm facing front and moving the arm front and back.
    SOME BASIC PRECAUTIONS TO AVOID ACCIDENTS :-
    Most accidents happen due to over speeding and rash driving. When you oveRspeed, your field of vision itself will be reduced as the speed increases.
    Remember that the speed limit is only the maximum permissible speed and that actual speed should be related to the traffic and road conditions.

    Front and Rear doors of the car particularly the right hand side door should be opened only after making sure that there is no vehicle, cyclist or even a pedestrian coming along close to the door.

    In places where it is indicated as accident-prone areas, you must drive very carefully.

    When there is obstruction ahead, do not drive on the other side of the road without waiting and giving way to the on coming traffic.

    Never exceed speed limits even if the road is free and even if there is no policeman around. Never be a rash driver.

    Be a defensive driver by anticipating situations then can lead to accidents. Expect the unexpected.

    Keep a safe distance between the vehicles by avoiding driving very close behind the vehicle in front.

    Avoid turning your vehicle abruptly.

    Never drive when you are overtired since you cannot be alert.

    Any distraction, whether conveRsation or looking at advertisement hoardings should be avoided.

    During night driving, dip your headlights and do not direct the full glare of your headlight at the on coming vehicle even if he does not dip his headlight.

    Keep your vehicle, particularly brake, in good condition.

    Finally your attitude, frame of mind and behaviour are also very important.
    Courtesy and consideration to other road useRs, patience and responsible behaviour can always save you and other road useRs from accidents.
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  3. #3
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Cool Tips For Emergencies

    In case of Brake failure :
    First do not panic; when you panic, you cannot take correct action.

    Take your foot off the accelerator and rapidly change gear down.

    Use hand brake.

    Steer to the side.
    In case of Steering failure:

    Reduce speed

    Apply brakes
    In case of Tyre burst:

    Hold the steering wheel tight to control the pulling and halt the car quickly.
    In case of Skidding:
    It can occur due to bad tyres, due to spilt oil on roads and wet surface in rainy weather. It can also occur when you apply sudden brake or take a sharp fast turn.

    While it is skidding do not apply brake but gently steer in the direction in which it is pulling.
    Precautions to be taken at intersections :

    At intersections, stop, look and then enter.

    Always give way for traffic on the main road.

    At the intersection of two main roads give way to traffic coming from your right.

    At all round abouts, traffic on the right has preference.
    Documents to be kept while driving

    Valid Driving Licence.

    Vehicle Registration Certificate.

    Road Tax Token (Disc)

    Pollution under Control Certificate.

    Current Insurance Certificate.
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  4. #4
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Smile Defects/violations Under Motor Vehicles Act/rules

    Violation of traffic rules and regulations are punishable both under City Traffic Police rules and also under Motor Vehicle Act. The common violations for which Police Challan are given is listed for information and we hope and wish that you will not violate any rule so that there will be no need for receiving any such challan and paying fine.
    POLICE NOTE

    Driving a vehicle under the influence of liquor (Sec. 185 Motor Vehicle Act). Driving without valid Driving Licence (See. 3 rd with Sec. 181, Motor Vehicle Act). Driving at Speeds that exceed limits (Sec. 183, M.V.Act)Driving with only one light in front (Rule 37 (xii) read with Sec. 177, Motor Vehicle Act).
    Using dazzling lights (Rule 405 read with Sec. 197, M.V. Act).
    Using the horns in a forbidden area (Rule 403 read with Sec. 177, Motor Vehicle Act). Use of air horn / musical horn (Rule 402 Motor Vehicle Act). Parking in no parking areas (Rule 37(x)read with Sec. 177, M.V. Act). Vehicle emitting excess smoke (Rule 115 (I) C.M.V. Rule) Failure to give proper signals (Sec. 121 read with Sec. 117, M.V.Act). Rash driving (Sec. 184, M.V. Act). Failure to stop vehicle when required by any Police Officer in Uniform (Sec. 132 read with Sec. 177, M.V. Act).
    Non-compliance of directions given by any Police Officer in the regulation of traffic in public places (Sec. 119, M.V. Act read with 179, M.V. Act).Failure to observe the rule of the road (Rule 37(i) read with Sec. 177 M.V. Act).Violations of all restrictions, (Rule 411 read with Sec. 177 M.V. Act).
    OFFENCES PUNISHABLE UNDER MOTOR VEHICLES ACT Traffic regulations, traffic signals are given in Motor Vehicle Act to ensure orderly traffic and safe journey. Self observance of rule is the best method to ensure safety.
    VIOLATION OF ANY RULE IS PUNISHABLE AND SO ALSO VIOLATION OF PROVISIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES ACT :
    For any violation of Motor Vehicle Act fine upto Rs.100/- can be imposed and if the offence is repeated fine can even extend upto Rs.300/-.
    Violation of speed limit can punished by even upto Rs.300/- and for repeated offences even upto Rs.500/-
    Disobedience of any traffic signs or directions is also punishable with fine upto Rs. 500/-
    Very serious offences like dangerous driving, driving without licence, causing grievious injury, are all punishable, even with imprisonment.
    Causing fatal accidents due to rash, negligent driving can result in imprisonment for two yeaRs or fine or both. It is almost treated as a murder without motive.If by rash and negligent driving, grievous injury is caused to anyone, it is also punishable by two yeaRs imprisonment or Rs.1000/- as fine, or both. If the injury is simple, the imprisonment period will be upto 6 months. It is also liable for fine upto Rs.500/- and both imprisonment and fine can also be awarded. Even if anyone is endangered by rash and negligent driving it is punishable by 6 months imprisonment or a fine of Rs.100/- or both.Driving without licence is not only risky but also liable for punishment with 3 months imprisonment or a fine of Rs.500/- or both.Drinking is harmful to health and drunken driving is harmful to otheRs also. Hence drunken driving is punishable with imprisonment for 6 months, if it is a fiRst offence or punishable with fine upto Rs.2000/- or even both can be awarded. If the offence is repeated it is punishable with imprisonment which can extend event upto 2 yeaRs or a fine of Rs.3000/- or even both.
    OVER SPEED : For every Motor vehicle speed limit is prescribed in the M.V. Act to ensure safety for the driver and other road users.
    (Section 112 of M.V. Act 1988) The prescribed limit is 40 Kms. Your vehicle may be capable of going at even the double the speed than this and your enthusiasm or sometimes even some urgent matter may make you drive at full capacity of the vehicle or at speed far exceeding the limit.But please remember that not only violating the law is punishable but also can and does often result in accident.
    "Speed thrills but also kills" is not just a slogan, it is the bitter truth.
    Many accidents are caused by oveRspeeding. Please don’t be a part of it for your sake, for your family’s sake for other’s sake and also for the sake of not having to pay fine upto Rs.400/- or Rs.1000/- (if it is a repetitive offence).Even if you make your employee exceed the speed limit you will be punishable with a fine of Rs.300/- and Rs.500/- if it is a respective offence.(Section 183 of M.V. Act, 1988)NO RACING IN A PUBLIC ROAD: You must not take part in a race or speed contest of any kind with motor vehicles in any public place without the written consent of the State Government. If you do so violating the rules you will be liable for punishment of imprisonment upto a month or a fine upto Rs.500/- or both.(Section 189 of M.V. Act).
    DANGEROUS DRIVING Speed has relationship to the Nature, Condition and use of the place. If you drive at a higher speed or even at a speed within the prescribed speed limit but in a manner which is dangerous to other road useRs without considering the nature, condition and use of the place and traffic, it can result in major accidents. Therefore, M.V. Act has prescribed the major punishment of imprisonment upto 6 months of fine upto Rs.1000/-. (Section 184 of M.V. Act 1988)
    If the offence is repeated within 3 years naturally the law views it seriously and has prescribed the punishment of imprisonment upto 2 years or fine expending upto Rs.2,000/- or even both depending on the gravity of the offence.
    DRUNKEN DRIVING:Drink and driving does not mix well. Driving by a drunken peRson or driving under the influence of drug is punishable as per Sec. 185 of M.V. Act. At the time of driving there should be no alcohol in the blood even in the smallest quantity. Similarly, if you are under the influence of a drug to an extent that makes you incapable of exercising proper control of the vehicle and drive the vehicle, you are liable to be punished with imprisonment upto 6 months of fine extending upto Rs.2,000/- or both.If the offence is repeated the punishment is higher being imprisonment that can be extended even upto 2 yeaRs of fine or Rs. 3,000/- or both.
    DON’T LEAVE YOUR VEHICLE DANGEROUSLY:
    It is unlawful to abandon or leave any vehicle or trailer in any public place in such a manner of position that can cause danger, obstruction or undue inconvenience to other useRs of public place.
    (Section 122 of M.V. Act)
    YOUR DUTY IN CASE OF CAUSING AN ACCIDENT WITH INJURY TO A PERSON ,Your duty is to ensure not only safety for you but also safety to other road useRs. If by any reason you cause an accident and a peRson is injured or property of any peRson is damaged, you as a vehicle driver or peRson in charge of the vehicle are duty bound to take all reasonable and responsible steps to provide medical care for the injured peRson and where necessary take the injured peRson to the nearest hospital unless the injured peRson or his guardian in case he is a minor desires not to go to the hospital.
    However if on account of mob fury or any other reason beyond your control it is not practicable to give medical attention to the injured peRson or take him to the hospital then it will be excusable under law.
    You are also duty bound to report to Police the nature of accident, the circumstances of its occurrence to the nearest police office or police station. In case of not providing medical care to the injured the circumstance under which it was not done should be also reported to the nearest police station or police officer.
    UNATTENDED VEHICLE
    BEWARE:
    If you leave your vehicle unattended in a public place or abandon it, it is liable for removal by the police.
    If any motor vehicle is left unattended in any public place for 10 houRs or even if it is in a permitted parking place it can be towed away under the instruction of the police officer.
    If the vehicle is left unattended or abandoned or partially dismantled and is creating a traffic hazard because of its location in the highway or causing impediment to the traffic it can be immediately removed by towing under the instruction of the Police officer. In all such cases you as the owner of the vehicle will be responsible for all the towing costs as well as any other penalty.
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  5. #5
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Always use low beam when driving in fog or while following another vehicle, as your light reflects back reducing visibility.
    If oncoming traffic does not dip its high beam, look to the left side of the road and drive towards the left of your lane and if you are dazzled, slow down or pull over untill your eyes recover.
    It is necessary to judge the speed of the vehicle you are overtaking and the speed and capability of your vehicle.
    Signal your intention of overtaking.
    Blow horn or flash headlights to draw attention of the driver being overtaking and when he gives signal clear to overtake only then overtake.
    Be eqully carefull when being overtaken
    Do not increase the speed of your own vehicle.
    Do not drive without a valid licence.
    Do not drive without a helmet.
    Do not use cell phone while riding.
    Do not ride with single hand.

    Keep a cautious check on the traffic coming from the opposite direction.
    Slow down if the overtaking vehicle needs more space and give it a clear signal to overtake.
    Do not drive overspeed which may prove fatal.
    While driving do not be distracted and avoid talking with others in the vehicle.
    Do not park the vehicle in 'No Parking Zone'.
    Do not drive under the influence of liquor or drugs.
    Overtaking from leftside and at inter-sections is strictly prohibited.
    Slow down on curves & while approaching other vehicle.
    Be watchful and cautious while overtaking.
    Be promt to give side to other vehicles which would like to overtake.
    Keep your eyes and ears on traffic over road.
    Do not allow any one to sit on your right side in the cabin.
    Do not use multi toned horns.
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  6. #6
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    do Not Drink And Drive
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

  7. #7
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    Cool

    Signals ...............
    Kollam003
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  8. #8
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Cool

    Signals 2 ...............
    Kollam003
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  9. #9
    SB MahaGuru Lieutenant kollam003@gmail.com's Avatar
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    Cool

    Signals Three .......
    Kollam003
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  10. #10
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    Cool

    Signals Four ........
    Kollam003
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  11. #11
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    Smile

    group pictures
    Kollam003
    Dont Mess With ME

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    Smile

    .............................
    Kollam003
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    Smile

    Kollam003
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    too many things to read

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    Hey guys Have u finished reading this !!

    Kollam003
    Kollam003
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