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Thread: Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, and Kidney Protection

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    💥💥💥💥💥💥 Lieutenant General hotspicyhot's Avatar
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    Exclamation Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, and Kidney Protection

    Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, and
    Kidney Protection



    What is the function of the kidneys?



    The kidneys are two fist-sized organs located in your back. To maintain life, you need at least one to work well. The work done by the kidneys is called renal function. There are three major renal functions:

    • Remove waste and excess water from your body
    • Maintain the body’s chemical balance
    • Produce certain important hormones:
      • Erythropoietin (stimulates bone marrow to make red blood cells)
      • Renin (regulates blood pressure)
      • Calcitriol (helps maintain calcium for bones and for normal
        chemical balance in the body)


    What causes kidney disease?


    Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure in the World. This means that your kidney function is so bad that you are likely to die within weeks or months unless you get special treatment such as dialysis (a method of filtering waste from the blood) or transplantation of a new kidney.

    A common complication of diabetes is high blood pressure (hypertension). Hypertension is another common cause of kidney disease. Hypertension in people who also have diabetes is more likely to damage the kidneys than in people without diabetes.

    Anyone can develop diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney disease. However, obese persons and people with a family history of any one of these conditions have a higher risk. Kidney disease is now often classified in stages, with stage 1 being the mildest and stage 5 the worst.


    How are diabetes and hypertension diagnosed?


    Hypertension is diagnosed by measuring blood pressure; diabetes is diagnosed by measuring blood sugar (glucose) levels. Persons whose blood pressure is repeatedly over 140/90 mm Hg have high blood pressure, and individuals with sugar levels above 126 mg/dL have diabetes. A fasting glucose level above 100 mg/dL is abnormally high and needs attention. This shows that the function of the pancreas (the organ that regulates blood glucose by releasing the hormone insulin) is damaged. If blood sugar levels are not controlled, there is greater risk of developing diabetes, along with complications such as blindness, nerve damage, heart attacks, blockages in the blood circulation of the limbs, and kidney failure.

    How is kidney disease diagnosed?

    Kidney damage is diagnosed with simple urine and blood tests.

    The earliest sign of kidney problems in people with diabetes is the presence of small amounts of protein in the urine, a condition known as microalbuminuria. If not treated, this condition leads to greater amounts of protein in the urine, known as macroalbuminuria, and then to gradual loss of kidney function and finally to chronic (permanent) kidney disease.

    Several blood tests are available to test the kidney’s ability to filter and detoxify the blood including creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN).

    Constant high blood pressure also leads to gradual kidney damage, and adds to the effects of diabetes. Advanced kidney disease is often permanent. For this reason, it is important to identify and treat high blood pressure and diabetes early.

    How do you protect your kidneys?

    Protecting your kidneys begins by knowing if you have any of the risk factors for kidney disease- e.g., obesity, high blood pressure, and/or diabetes. Therefore, periodic check-ups of body weight, blood pressure and blood sugar can help spot problems early.

    In patients with diabetes different types of medications are used to treat blood glucose levels, including oral medications and insulin. It is important to keep glucose levels as close to normal as possible. The recommended levels are below 130 mg/dL in the morning and 180 mg/dL after meals. The hemoglobin A1c blood test evaluates how well you are controlling your blood glucose levels over time. This is done every 3 to 6 months. Good control is indicated by a test result below 7%.

    In patients with diabetes and hypertension, blood pressure should be less than 130/80 mm Hg. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II (AII) receptor blockers are types of medications used to lower blood pressure and help protect kidney function. A diuretic may also be added (to help rid the body of excess water and salt).


    What should you do with this information?


    If you have risk factors talk with your doctor. Preventing and treating kidney disease will depend on your particular condition. For example, if you have diabetes your doctor may recommend a urine test at least once a year to check for microalbuminuria, and usually creatinine and BUN tests to check your kidneys function. An endocrinologist, an expert in hormone-related conditions, can help you manage the conditions that cause kidney damage.

    In general, you can protect your health by eating a healthy diet, exercising every day, not smoking, and avoiding abuse of alcohol and other drugs, including over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen (which can cause interstitial kidney disease). If you have high blood pressure, you should limit your intake of salt. If you have diabetes, you should limit carbohydrates. People with weakened kidney function may need to adjust their diets to also limit protein, cholesterol, and potassium.
    Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it.

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    SB MahaGuru Colonel
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    great
    Awsome brother!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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    सत्यमेव जयते Field Marshal Baadsah's Avatar
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    really....really great thread.......

    rep error dost.....
    You will never reach your destination if you stop and throw stones every dog that barks.
    -Winston Churchill



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    💥💥💥💥💥💥 Lieutenant General hotspicyhot's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by faisal4pro View Post


    great
    Awsome brother!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    Quote Originally Posted by Baadsah View Post
    really....really great thread.......

    rep error dost.....
    ThanQ
    Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it.

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    Maverick Colonel Isotope A10's Avatar
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    Very informative thread, Yogee !!!
    I am Freakin' Insecure Neurotically Emotional.


    I am FINE.

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    💥💥💥💥💥💥 Lieutenant General hotspicyhot's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Isotope A10 View Post
    Very informative thread, Yogee !!!
    Thanks for Replying Bro
    Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it.

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    Let's Kill Enemies Field Marshal sweetooo.baba's Avatar
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    GOod thread

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    Machinehead Lieutenant General ignoramusenator's Avatar
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    bahot accha tips

    reputations added bond


    Make My Day

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    💥💥💥💥💥💥 Lieutenant General hotspicyhot's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by sweetooo.baba View Post
    GOod thread
    Quote Originally Posted by ignoramusenator View Post
    bahot accha tips

    reputations added bond
    ThanQ ThanQ
    Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it.

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